The CPF Initiatives will be the major focus of most of the research funded by the Charles Pankow Foundation. The list of CPF Initiatives is subject to change at any time. Great ideas and interesting individual research projects are always welcome.
- High Strength Steel Reinforcing Bar
The current reinforced concrete building codes in the US have not been updated for rebar strength since the late 1960's based on research done in the 50's and 60's. Current US building codes limit rebar strength primarily to 60ksi. US rebar mills are capable of producing suitable reinforcing bar up to 100ksi and in many parts of the world, rebar strengths of 100ksi and above are used routinely. This issue goes well beyond just rebar costs and design issues but has a significant impact on quality, construction productivity and sustainability.
- Performance-Based Seismic Design of Tall Buildings
Most tall buildings in high seismic areas of the US are designed using performance based design standards rather than conventional prescriptive building codes. The last set of guidelines for performance-based seismic design standards was issued in 2010 and developed under a grant primarily funded by the Charles Pankow Foundation. These guidelines are in need of an update to incorporate advances in the knowledge and understanding of seismic behavior of tall buildings.
- Structural Optimization of Timber Design and Construction
The timber products industry has made great strides in developing new products that allow timber to be used for structures not previously feasible for timber construction. In addition, the considerable sustainability properties of wood now make timber construction much more attractive as a building alternative. What has not changed is the structural capacity and mechanical properties of the wood material itself. CPF is investigating the feasibility of pairing wood science experts with structural engineers and architects to begin exploring alternatives to optimize wood properties to meet the design demands of modern buildings and the uses within.
- Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) Guide
The use of Integrated Project Delivery continues to grow as a viable alternative for project delivery. IPD is practiced in many forms but there are common elements in all of these alternative forms. Using the CPF sponsored Design Management Guide for the Design Build Environment as a template, CPF proposes to sponsor the development of an IPD Guide that will serve as a knowledge base written by practitioners for practitioners. The IPD Guide is intended to serve as a resource for owners, architects, engineers and contractors considering the use of IPD.
- Water Reuse in Buildings
There is an enormous opportunity to minimize water use in major commercial and residential projects through the reuse of wastewater. Although some technology exists to accomplish this, the information is not readily available or in a form necessary for governmental approvals. CPF is interested in pursuing projects that will advance the technology and augment the dissemination and usefulness of the information.
- Integrating Carbon into Life Cycle Based (Structural) Design Decision-Making
Improve guidance and data to assess and implement low carbon structures. Building industry professionals find the data and methods used to track carbon emissions (Life Cycle Assessment/LCA) inaccessible and/or difficult to implement. Carbon pricing programs can impact material costs. Integrating carbon assessment into cost analysis would enable teams to assess risk and design options.
- Building Enclosures Guide
A constant source of problems for the building industry is the quality and performance of building enclosures. CPF has an interest in producing a guide that would serve as a knowledge base of best practices and recommendations for improved installation standards and procedures. This guide would be written by practitioners for practitioners and would be a living document that would be updated on a regular basis.
- Computational Analysis of the Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Members
Research on the behavior of reinforced concrete members under load is still being done by laboratory testing of scale-model reinforced concrete elements. This destructive type of testing is time consuming and expensive. CPF has an interest in initiating the process of developing computational methodologies that can minimize the need for laboratory testing and limit laboratory testing to the validation of the computational models.